The article focuses on institutional conscience and the need to limit individuals' conscience clause protection. It states the pattern of hospital mergers in the 1980s and 1990s and the role of Catholic healthcare institutions. It discusses the shift from physician autonomy to patient autonomy as well as the characteristics of conscience. It also challenges the arguments for institutional conscience and suggests redefining healthcare provider in conscience legislation to eliminate institutions.
Spencer L. Durland,
The Case against Institutional Conscience,
Notre Dame L. Rev.
Available at: http://scholarship.law.nd.edu/ndlr/vol86/iss4/5