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Abstract

Never has the term limbo been so appropriately used in modern history than as applied to the current situation of the Êzidi internally displaced persons (IDPs). As Dante’s first circle of hell, limbo separates its residents from God, leaving them in a state of eternal suffering and sadness. This in-between place is saved for just individuals who did not receive Christ as required in Catholic theology and are now doomed to reside forever in a place of separation from God’s presence. Limbo is a state of punishment that seemingly freezes one’s ability to progress or enjoy future happiness.

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