The article presents an analysis on the advancement of public employee speech and interpretations of the U.S. Supreme Court on Garcetti v. Ceballos. It discusses the similarities and error that exists among the federal circuit courts. It overviews the factors shared by circuits different to certain courts. It reflects on the First Amendment jurisprudence related to public employee speech. It also put forwards the defenses and criticisms of Garcetti.
Circuit Court Interpretations of Garcetti v. Ceballos and the Development of Public Employee Speech,
Notre Dame L. Rev.
Available at: https://scholarship.law.nd.edu/ndlr/vol87/iss2/7