In 2014, the Corps of Engineers and Environmental Protection Agency sought to bring clarity to the scope of “waters of the United States” through notice-and-comment rulemaking. On June 29, 2015, the agencies published a joint final rule that immediately prompted lawsuits across the entire country.

This current legal controversy provides a convenient backdrop to propose a new method to analyze logical outgrowth. This Note will use the Proposed and Final Rule as an administrative law case study. It argues that the Final Rule is substantively within the authority Congress delegated to the Corps of Engineers and the EPA.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.